Elements of mystery writing. How to write a mystery short story.

Do you have a story in you? Are you looking for a way to get your creative juices flowing? If so, mystery writing may be the perfect genre for you. In this article, we will explore the elements of mystery writing and how to write a mystery short story.

Elements of mystery writing
Elements of mystery writing

And this article Tintota.com will help you answer the question of Elements of mystery writing.

Writing a mystery novel: 7 essential components

A powerful hook

All novels need good hooks: the reader should be compelled to continue on after the first page or (even better), the first word. The hook is often a sentence or picture that piques readers’ interest and prompts them to want to know more.

Cheryl Kaye Tardif, a suspense novelist, suggests following ‘The Four Firsts’ in writing tale hooks: The very first sentence, paragraph, page, and chapter. Pay close attention to detail at each stage. Inquire about the opening sentence of your story:

Does it pique the reader’s attention by hinting at a future discovery?
Is it asking a question that the reader will want answered?
Is it dramatic (a coming conflict, loss, or the revelation of something that will flip your main character’s life upside down)?
According to novelist and journalist William Dietrich, mystery writer Elmore Leonard recommended avoiding discussing weather in an opening sentence. Dietrich continues by sharing instances of amazing opening lines that defy Leonard’s guidelines. Dean Koontz, for example, wrote:

‘Tuesday was a beautiful day in California, full of sunshine and hope, until Harry Lyon had to kill someone at lunch.’ (((Dragon Tears)))

The ordinary aspects of the weather in Koontz’s introduction provide as a contrast to Harry Lyon’s violent crime. This heightens the impact. So be wary of ‘rules.’ The crucial thing is that your opening sentence establishes a mystery tone for your narrative and captures the reader’s attention.

Beyond the opening line, the first paragraph should convey a bit additional tone and atmosphere, as well as an engaging location and/or character. Favor brevity in the opening chapter. If a reader feels compelled to wade to the conclusion of your introduction, they may be discouraged from continuing.

Participation of the reader in putting together facts

A ‘puzzle mystery’ is a sub-genre in which the reader must solve a mystery. However, in any excellent mystery, the reader should be allowed to piece together facts. Have faith in your reader’s intelligence: Many new authors believe they must hold the reader’s hand throughout and over-explain the plot as it unfolds. To encourage the reader to take an active role in solving the mystery, you may do the following:

  • Leave hints throughout the story (as long as they aren’t too apparent).
    Include characters who are truthful as well as those that lie, allowing the reader to judge whether information is more trustworthy.
  • Have a variety of plausible reasons. In a murder mystery, this implies having several suspects. In a mystery adventure, this might suggest that there are both normal and supernatural explanations for a character’s absence.

Red herrings are deceptive.

In literature, a’red herring’ is defined as “a hint or piece of information that is or is meant to be deceptive or distracting:” (From the Oxford Dictionaries Online.) The phrase comes from the practice of teaching dogs to hunt using the smell of dried herring, which becomes red when smoked.

Red herrings may be used throughout your story to deter the reader from identifying the perpetrator of a crime or the reason for a disappearance too quickly. They heighten tension and suspense, making a story more engrossing.

In Agatha Christie’s best-selling book And Then There Were None, 10 individuals are stranded on an island and perish one by one. Christie has one of the surviving individuals leave, prompting the other members of the group (and the reader) to accuse the disappeared figure of murder, but there are more twists.

A red herring may be any of the following:

  • A character who seems more suspicious or complicit than he is.
  • An item that seems to have greater importance than it really has.
  • An occurrence that seems to be significant to the plot but is shown to be incidental.
  • A hint planted by a villain (unknown to the reader and the main character) to lead investigators astray.
  • Suspense is essential in a mystery book. What else might pique the reader’s interest and build anticipation?

The discussion is suspenseful.

Dialogue that sounds believable to the ear is difficult to achieve. Suspenseful discourse is riddled with ellipses and omissions; it says one thing but meaning another. You may add tension to a dialogue between two characters by:

Having one of the speakers lie, providing information that contradicts what the reader already knows to be true.
Make a character say something strange or unexpected (for example, in David Lynch’s cult classic mystery TV series Twin Peaks, a character tells the investigating investigator Agent Dale Cooper, ‘The owls are not what they appear.’

When questioned, have a character conceal information or be uncooperative.
Because unexpected behavior perplexes us, utilize it to throw the reader and your characters off. A character who chuckles in the middle of a discussion for no apparent reason is odd. Use conversation that has unexpected twists, interruptions, scary tones, or other aspects that give the reader a sense of uncertainty.

The tone and atmosphere of a mystery book contribute to its intrigue:

Language and emotion that are effective and descriptive

Language and emotion are both very important when it comes to mystery writing. In order to be effective and descriptive, you need to use the right words in the right way in order to create a sense of tension and suspense. For example, if someone is whispering, you might use a softer tone to create a sense of intimacy. If they’re speaking more loudly, you might use a harsher tone in order to make them seem threatening or dangerous. By doing this, you can create an effective and suspenseful story.

Chapters that are well-structured

One of the most important aspects of writing a well-structured mystery is making sure each chapter flows smoothly and makes sense as a standalone unit. A common mistake mystery writers make is splitting their chapters into too many small, unrelated pieces. This can make it difficult for readers to follow the story and may also cause them to lose interest in what’s happening.

To ensure your chapters are cohesive and engaging, aim to keep them relatively short and focused on one or two key plot points. Additionally, be sure to introduce new characters and settings gradually so that readers don’t feel overwhelmed or confused. By following these tips, you’ll be able to craft an exciting mystery story that keeps readers hooked from beginning to end!

A satisfactory conclusion

A mystery book is often more teleological (‘end-focused’) than another genre’s work (such as high fantasy). Everything in a mystery book should lead up to a satisfactory response to fundamental questions like ‘Who? Why? What?’

Nancy Curteman makes an important point when she says that the finale of a mystery book should have a “a-ha!” moment. The reader should be able to remark, “I saw this coming” or “I didn’t see this coming, but it makes perfect sense given x, y, and z.” The identity of the murderer, the reason for a disappearance, or any other mystery explanation should not seem like a red herring in and of itself.

When writing a mystery book, your finale should ideally:

  • Respond to the important questions you’ve been posing to your readers.
  • Reveal the truth about characters that were wrongfully accused.
  • Make a clear reference to the beginning.
  • Leave the reader wanting to read your next book.
  • Writing a mystery book requires paying attention to the components of outstanding mystery writing: a compelling storyline and tone, intriguing characters, active reader engagement, and more. Join the Mystery/Thriller writers’ community on Now Book if you’re ready to start writing your mystery novel.’
The Various Types of Mysteries
The Various Types of Mysteries

The Various Types of Mysteries


This genre is frequently a bloodless crime, such as poisoning, and the victim is someone no one likes. It’s similar to a good riddance situation. If the mystery’s puzzle appeals to you and you don’t mind emotions or excitement, this is an excellent pick.


A caper mystery is noted for being amusing. Whether it features a bumbling investigator or a witness who has lost the plot, the narrative is interesting (if you know what I mean). Even knowing there may be a dead corpse on the ground allows the reader to chuckle and, as a result, relax.


It’s exactly what it sounds like: hardboiled. It’s a gritty mystery with a lot of violence and horrific details. The detective is a professional who often struggles with personal concerns.


Softboiled mysteries are comparable to Hardboiled mysteries, but have a lighter tone and less attention on details.


A domestic mystery is one in which an animal assists the owner in solving the crime. Book clubs, bakeries, and other such businesses are examples.

Procedures of the Police

The focus of these tales is on police investigations. It is frequently a collaborative endeavor involving department politics and competing personalities. A excellent book series is a police procedural.


It’s quite simple since it’s its own genre. A mystery with ghostly components and unexplained messages adds intrigue and allows for some unexpected twists.


The atmosphere is everything in this genre. The main character is often a skilled mystery solver with weaknesses. The atmosphere is gloomy, dreary, and merciless.


Suspense has a high level of tension yet moves at a slower pace. It constantly keeps the readers guessing and turning the pages. This isn’t simply a whodunit; it’s a mystery in which the hero is being followed and we have to worry whether he’ll survive.

Suspenseful Romance

This is suspense with a romantic twist. Assuming the hero prevails in the end results in a twofold dividend of seeing justice prevail and love triumph over everything.
It must be precisely half suspense and half romance to qualify as romantic suspense. The characters must also end up together, which cannot happen at the start of the novel.


Readers in this genre tend to cheer for the crooks. It’s generally some intricate robbery, and we’re pulling for them to succeed.

Amateur Investigator

This is a fairly typical sub-genre in which a layman attempts to solve the murder of someone with whom they have a close personal relationship. It highlights the intimate connection. This is when the crime goes unsolved, and it is up to them to solve it.

How to Write a Mystery Novel Structure
How to Write a Mystery Novel Structure

How to Write a Mystery Novel Structure

Several mystery novels vary from the traditional format. However, most novels follow a similar pattern:

The Structure of a Mystery Novel

Several mystery novels stray from the standard format. But, in general, most novels follow a similar pattern:

The Offense

The viewer is made aware of the crime that the story revolves around.


The investigator is seeking to uncover the mystery. They question each suspect, hunt for clues, and explore fresh leads in the hopes of apprehending the offender.


The investigator finds a fresh clue, an unexpected lead, or a fault in a suspect’s alibi, which shocks them—and the reader—and alters the investigation’s emphasis.


The investigator solves the case by locating the last piece of the jigsaw puzzle.

Finally, The offender has been arrested, and all unresolved questions have been addressed.

The Eight Mystery Writing Tips We've All Been Waiting For..
The Eight Mystery Writing Tips We’ve All Been Waiting For..

The Eight Mystery Writing Tips We’ve All Been Waiting For

The Plot Twist

It is critical to hook your reader from the beginning. You want them to become lost in the story and flip the pages rapidly to find out what happens next.

The hook may be anything, but portraying the crime straight away is a good place to start. Of course, this isn’t how everyone does it, so do what you think is best for your story.

Make an Unsettling Atmosphere

Even the most unexpected tale twist would fall flat if the tone was not right. Set a mysterious tone that instantly immerses your readers in the universe of your work.

A gloomy setting, such as an abandoned structure in the middle of nowhere or a desolate lodge in the woods, descriptive language describing the case’s disturbing characteristics, and compelling conversation. This will draw your readers into the action and urge them to continue reading.

Slowly Disclose Information

As you write, consider how your reader will respond to the way you pace your tale. You have complete control over the quantity of information you offer, as well as how and when you expose it. Every mystery book has a central narrative, but it is usually built around minor details that retain the reader’s interest throughout.

Create Characters Who Are Both Strong and Entertaining

You’ll need characters who have a purpose if you’re creating a mystery tale. Why are they involved in the investigation? What does this have to do with them, and why is it so important?

Your characters should have a personal connection to the case, or at the very least a feeling of purpose in it. In the end, the case will only strengthen them, and they will be tested to their utmost at that period.

Create an Evidence Trail

Make the reader feel like they are a part of the tale. Leave hints throughout the tale that will enable them to have a role in solving the mystery.
It shouldn’t be too clear, but the reader should find them engaging and satisfying as they explore the numerous options.

Include a Few Red Herrings in the Mix

Red herrings are “leads” that cause your characters to get confused (and readers). Red herrings might be predictable in some ways, but they can also be a lot of fun to write if they’re correctly weaved into the plot and the evidence matches up.
It serves as both significant filler and character development. It’ll also keep your readers on the edge of their seats.

Read Other Mysteries

Great mystery novels are chock-full of writing instruction if you pay attention. Read both best-selling crime fiction by fresh writers and classic mystery novels.
When you’ve finished the book and the mystery has been solved, go back to the beginning. Reread the narrative, noticing how and when the author used deceit and hints to solve the mystery and heighten the excitement.

Conduct thorough research

If you want to poison the person, use a genuine poison name and understand how it works. Make sure you are acquainted with the right procedures if there is any police work involved.

Make friends with the police in your community or volunteer at the library. Readers will notice if any of the technical components are inaccurate and will lose faith in your writing abilities as a consequence.

F.A.Q: Elements of mystery writing
F.A.Q: Elements of mystery writing

F.A.Q: Elements of mystery writing

What are 3 characteristics of a mystery?

There are three key elements to mystery writing that must be in place for a story to be considered a mystery: suspense, curiosity, and surprise. These elements work together to keep readers engaged and guessing until the end.

How do you structure a mystery?

When it comes to writing a mystery, you want to make sure that your story is well-paced and suspenseful. You also want to keep your readers guessing until the very end. To do this, you will need to follow a specific structure when writing your mystery short story. Here are some tips on how to structure a mystery:

1. Begin with an inciting incident

2. Build tension by revealing bits and pieces of the puzzle

3. Use red herrings

4. Answer the big question at the end

What are the elements of mystery and suspense?

The elements of mystery and suspense are: intrigue, surprise, tension, conflict, and resolution. In order to create a good mystery or suspense story, it is important to use all of these elements in the right way. Intrigue is the first element to use. This is what draws readers in and makes them want to read on.

Surprise is also important because it keeps readers guessing until the end. Tension builds as the story progresses and when it reaches its climax, readers will be on the edge of their seats. Conflict arises when characters try to solve the mystery or figure out who did what to whom. Finally, resolution provides a satisfying end to the story that leaves readers feeling satisfied.

  • Elements of a mystery pdf
  • Elements of a mystery powerpoint
  • How to write a mystery short story
  • Features of a mystery story ks2
  • Mystery plot template pdf
  • Mystery story structure
  • What is a mystery

See more articles in category: Mysteries